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Exploring Erode

Erode is the administrative headquarters of Erode District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the banks of River Kaveri, and has been ruled, at different times, by the Early Pandyas, Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Hyder Ali, Carnatic kingdom, and the British. It is situated at the center of the South Indian Peninsula, about 400 kilometers (249 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai and about 80 kilometers (50 mi) east of Coimbatore. Hand loom, power loom textile products and readymade garments industries contribute to the economy of the city. The people in the city are employed in various textile, oil and turmeric manufacturing industries.

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Bhavani Sagar Dam - Bhavani

Bhavani Sagar DamThe Bhavani is a 217km. long perennial river fed mostly by the southwest monsoon and supplemented by the northeast monsoon. Its watershed drains an area of 0.62 million hectares spread over Tamil Nadu (87%), Kerala (9%) and Karnataka (4%). The main river courses majorly through Coimbatore district and Erode district in Tamil Nadu. About 90 per cent of the rivers water is used for agriculture irrigation. Industrial, municipal and agricultural pollution of the river results in poor water quality and negative impacts on the health of people, plants and animals dependent on the river water. 12 major rivulets including West and East Varagar rivers join Bhavani draining the southern Nilgiri slopes. At Mukkali, Bhavani takes an abrupt 120 turn towards the northeast and flows for another 25 km through Attappady plateau. It gets reinforced by the Kunda river coming from the north. Siruvani River, a perennial stream and the Kodungarapallam river, flowing from the south and southeast respectively join the Bhavani at Kerala-Tamil Nadu border. Thereafter, Bhavani flows east along the base of Nilgiris and enters the plains near Bathra Kaliamman temple at Mettupalayam after joining with Coonoor river coming from northwest. About, 30 km downstream, Moyar River, a major tributary originating in Mudumalai National Park, flows in from the northwest, where it drains the valley between the northern slopes of the Nilgiris and the southern slopes of the Bilgiri Hills. After the Moyar it is blocked by the Lower Bhavani Dam, feeding Lower Bhavani Project Canal near Sathyamangalam in Erode District. The river continues east for over 160 km. through Erode District, traversing Kodiveri Dam, near Gobichettipalayam which feeds the Arakkankottai and Thadappalli canals constructed for agricultural purposes. A small barrage across the river was built by Kalingarayan in 1283 AD to feed the 56-mile-long Kalingarayan irrigation canal. Noyyal River joins the river before the major confluence with Kaveri near Sangameshwarar Temple, Bhavani, where it is believed that the mystic Sarasvati River also joins the confluence.

Sangameshwarar Temple - Bhavani

Sangameshwarar Temple"Kubera, son of Vaisira was gifted with an aircraft in recognition of his devotion to Lord Shiva. While visiting all the Shiva temples in various places in the country, he saw an Ilandhai tree on the banks of Cauvery where the deer, tiger, cow, elephant, snake and the rat were drinking water without any sign of enmity It was a place inhabited by holy men, gandharvas and such good people. Kubera heard a voice from the sky saying that the Vedas came to the Earth on this place near the Ilandhai Tree and there was a Shivalinga beneath it and advised him to worship the Lord and reap the benefits. The Lord appeared before Kubera. At his request, the Lord also is named Alagesan. Bhavani Sangameshwarar temple is an ancient one. The confluence of three rivers Kaveri, Bhavani and amirtha nathi meet at one place of the temple. So the place of bhavani Eswarar is called as Sangameshwarar. The place of bhavani is called as nayanmar's songs as Thirunana. The holy temple was praised by nayanmar Thirunanasampathar and Thiruppugal Arunagirinathar. This places is known as parikar Thalam. So in the south of the temple place of koodudurai the purokits (priests) performing poojas ie., parikara like nagadhosa, Sevvaidhosa, Marriage dhosa, Navagraha dhosa and other dhosas. This place bhavani is situated in Erode District. Sangameshwarar temple beautiful in front view of Five Tier Rajagopuram along with Kottai Vinayagar in Left and Kottai Anjaneyar in right side. Sangameshwarar temple front outer view kodimaram, Palipeedam and lighting monolithic stone pillar. Daily poojas are occurred for the above three. The pradosha Nandhi, iconographical feature of entrance of lord sangameshwarar namely as Goddess Gajalakshmi panel. Sixty Three Nayanmars who worshipped the lord siva in a worshipping postures and praised the lord in religious songs such as Thevaram, Thiruvasagam. The Architectural and iconographical feature of Lord Dakshinamoorthy (Sannathi) shrine facing in the side of south Above the shrine of melthala two mono lithic stone chain with five rings on both sides of shrine. It is a rare piece in architectural feature in south India. Entrance of the Amman temple in beautiful Architectural and iconographical features of stone idols with jumping horses, standing Yalees. Zurahareshwarar is rare piece in dancing posture. He had there legs devotes believe that. He redeems the impurity of mind of devotees.At the time of Prodosha the lady devotees worship the lord in dance. One cradle has been donated to by European collector and it was made by tusk of elephant to vedanayagi amman and he has signed on the frame of cradle.Rock status of this temple represents the beauty of stone carving and the culture of the people. When water or milk poured on the two identical stone statues in font of ambal sanathi- Hindu goddess, one smiles at you, while the other shed tears at you. The temple got a precious Ambal statue, a Hindu goddess donated by a district collector during British period for saving his life. Of all the seven holy Shiva centers of the Kongu Region, Bhavani is known as Thirunana in script. The holy waters of Sangameswarar temple is known as Cauvery theertham, Surya theerthamand Gayatri theertham. Amirtha Lingam who gives blenings to the couple to get children."

Bannari Amman Temple - Erode

Bannari Amman Temple"People of past had witnessed the wonderful sight of tigers and cows quenching their thirst at the same spot of the river. Cowherds used to drive the cattle to the fields jeer for grazing. The cows fed on the grass found in plenty here. These cows were driven back to the stables at dusk. The cowherds used to extract milk form the udder of each cow and hand over the collected Milk to the owners of the cows. One particular cow did not allow the cowherd to get milk, nor did it allow its calf to go near it. Around 300 years ago, the dana Nayakkan or Dhandanyakkan forest you all know now its been called as “BANNARI”. This name Bannari for this great historical place origined because of the great temple “Bannari Amman Temple”. The cowherd has his own doubts about that particular cow and he decided to have an eye on it. He allowed the other cows to graze and pursued that particular cow secretly. It went alone near a Vengai tree and stood beneath it. Milk began to flow from its udder automatically. He wondered at such a strangle sight and told about it to the other cowherds. The news spread like wildfire to the villagers. Next day they were on the spot to witness the wonder. They found the cow repeating the same behavior. Milk cozed out of the teats of its udder on the particular spot amidst the grass. They removed the thickly grown grass and shrubs there and, to their surprise, they found a sand-hill and s Swayambu Linga near it. Linga is a special of divinity and so they felt that the spot beneath the Vengai tree should have a celestical significance. They prayed to the Linga with fold hands. Among the devotees who were there, one got into a trance. As a spokesman of the Deity he began to pass on the divine message to everybody. According to his words, it was understood that the deity safeguarded the traders from Kerala who passed by that way to Mysore to sell their goods carried by cows on their back."

Kodiveri Water Falls - Gobichettipalayam

Kodiveri Water FallsKodiveri Dam, is located on the Bhavani River near Gobichettipalayam in Western Tamil Nadu. The dam is situated along the State Highway 15 about 10 km (6.2 mi) from Gobichettipalayam towards Sathyamangalam. It was constructed by the Maharaja of Mysore in the 17th century, with a workforce that combined the labor of elephants and his prisoners. Creating the dam consisted of carving a 20-foot wall of rock. The stones were then interlocked with iron bars and lead was used as mortar. These features, however, are not visible except in the dry season when the water level in the river drops considerably. Two channels arise from the dam, one is on the northern side of Bhavani River and the other on the southern side viz “Arakkan Kottai Channel” and “Thadapalli Channel” respectively. Lands north of Gobichettipalayam are fertile due to the flow of the Thadapalli channel. Cultivation of sugarcane and paddy are predominant in this area. The lush green fields are also a pleasure to watch.

Pariyur Kondathu Kaliamman - Gobichettipalayam

Pariyur Kondathu KaliammanThe history of the temple dates centuries back. The exact date of establishment is unknown and the current temple was built in the mid 1950s. The place was previously known as Azhagapuri or Parapuri and the name Pariyur came from 'Pari' 'oor' meaning, 'place ruled by Pari'. Vēl Pāri was a great king who is considered in Tamil literature as one of the Kadai ēzhu vallal (literally meaning, the last of the seven great patrons). Arulmigu Kondathu Kaliamman is a powerful Goddess who was the deity responsible for the prosperity of the country ruled by Pari.

Vellode Birds Sanctuary - Erode

Vellode Birds SanctuaryIt is at a large lake surrounded with semi-dark bushes, near Vellode. This .772 km2 (0.3 sq mi) sanctuary near Erode is home to many foreign birds. The sanctuary features thousands of birds coming from various countries, some of which can be easily identified. Some easily found bird species include cormorants, teals, pintail ducks, Pelicans, and Darters.