A Mandir is a temple for followers of Hinduism. A characteristic of most temples is the presence of murtis (idols) of the Hindu deity to whom the temple is dedicated. They are usually dedicated to one primary deity, the presiding deity, and other deities associated with the main deity. However, some temples are dedicated to several deities, and others are dedicated to murtis in an iconic form. Many temples are in key geographical points, such as a hill top, near waterfalls, caves and rivers, as these are, according to Hinduism, worship places and make it easier to contemplate God.
Perur Patteeswarar Temple - Coimbatore
This Sanctum - sanctourms of this Temple was built by Karikala Chola in the early Christian Era. In the ninth century, Saint Sunfarar vistied the temple and immortalised it in his Thevaram. In the Kongu Chola Period (11th to 13th centuries Ardha Mandapa and Mahamandapa were built and used for inscribing the details about the numerous gifts made to the temple. From 14th to 17th centuries, the Hoysala, Vijayanagar and Nayaka kings gave endowments.The famous Kanaka Sabhai was built by Alagadri Nayak of Madurai in the 17th century. Tippu Sultan of Mysore attached half of the Inams of the temple in the 18th century. Later on, the East India Company restored it to the temple. The Swami and Amman Temples were renovated in the Middle of the 18th century and later on the Mantap of 63 Saints was built. In the 20th century, the Kalyana Mantapam and the front Mantapam were built and the tower was repaired. Historically, the surroundings of Perur date back to the Roman period as a Treasure Trove of Roman coins was discovered here.This is an ancient Temple of pre-historic age. As per legend the calf of Kamadhenu discovered a sacred Sivalinga. A temple came to be built over it. The place became a Vaippu Sthalam to Lord Siva since it was sanctified by Saints Appar an Sundarar in their Thevarams. In this Temple the Kanaka Sabhai or the Golden Hall of Dance, has a beautiful form of Nataraja in the dancing posture which he manifested to the Rishis, Gomuni and Pattimuni.This ancient place has produced apart from the Thevarams, very fine literary and historical compositons. Cholans Poorva Pattayam deals with the origing of the Temple and gives and account of the folk Lore of the place. The inscriptions, ranging over a few centuries, give valuable information about the customs and manners that existed a thousand years ago. The Thiruppugazh pieces of Arunagiri Nathar give an account of the Temples five centuries ago.The famous Kanaka Sabhai presents a unique collection of Stone sculture carvings, the like of which is not found elsewhere. Its two rows of ten big pillars have exquisite carvings of manifestations of siva. Its terraced roof has a series of stone-chains with a numerously pettalled lotus at the centre. The smaller pillars have a large number of mythological carvings. The tank is a fine piece of symmetrical steps with 16 angles.The Cars have fine wooden carvings which attract the cupidity of even foreigners. The idols excel the other temples in beauty. Even the small shrines surrounding the main temple are very ancient inscriptions of high value.
Marudhamalai Subramaniar Temple - Coimbatore
Lord Muruga is glorified as the God of mountain and mountainous regions in THIRU MUGURUGATRUPADI, a noted work of the Tamil Literature of the Sangam Age.The word Muruga is a comprehensive term, connoting several meanings such as sweetness, youthfulness, beauty, divinity and honey and therefore it is but natural for the Lord to have His abode amidst scenic beauty among hills and mountains. Situated at a height of about 500 feet in a plateau on the western Ghats, fifteen kilometres north west of Coimbatore, amidst lush vegetation and salubrious climate, Marudhamalai Hills, dedicated to Lord Muruga (Dhandayudhapani) is classified under KUNRUTHORADAL, one of the six main abodes of the God, the others being THIRUVAVINANKUDI (PALANI), THIRUPARANGUNRAM, (NEAR MADURAI), THIRUCHEERALAVAI (Thiruchendur), THIRUVERAGAM (Swamimalai) and PAZHAMUDHIRSOLAI (Azhagarkoil near Madurai). Set against the backdrop of hazy blue hills dotted with shrubs and bushes of varied hues, the sacred shrine verily reflects the picture of Lord Muruga, magnificently mounted on his vehicle peacock, flaunting and swaying its feathers and plume in full bloom.The hoary past of the temple can be traced in such ancient works as Sage Kachyapar's PERUR PURANAM. The origin of the temple is rooted in legendary antiquity and dates back to the age of Surapadama, the demon destroyed by Lord Subramanya referred to in SKANDAPURNAM. The inscriptions found in Thirumuruganathaswami Temple, Thirumurganpoondi places the origin of the temple in the 12th century A.D.According to Perurpuranam, Soorapadama, the scourge of the gods aided by his mighty brothers, Singamukha and Tharaka arrayed against them and struck terror in their already agitated minds by his sudden and surprising charges and depredations. Unable to bear the agony and anguish, the gods approached Lord Siva and sought His succour. Lord Siva comforted the Gods that Lord Muruga would come to their rescue, root out and destroy Surapadama and his retinue enmasse. The gods should hasten to the Marudhamalai Hills and await the advent of Lord Muruga, their Saviour! Perupuranam also alludes to a king called Kusathvajan, who, it is said, was blessed with a male issue, only after worshipping Marudhamalai Muruga.The Divine Cow Kamadhenu is reported to have grazed in the pastures of the hills of Marudhamalai.Perurpuranam lists the three neighbouring hills, vellingiri, Nili and Marudhamalai as the very manifestations of Lord Siva, Parvathi and Subramanya respectively and the three hills taken together as the very symbol of Somaskanda.
Panchamuga Anjaneyar Temple - Coimbatore
Anjaneya temple is located near the Marudhamalai road, about one km from Vadavalli on the way to Marudamalai Murugan temple. The specialty of this Anjaneya temple is that the single deity has five faces. They are of Sri Baktha Anjaneya, Sri Dyana Anjaneya, Sri Vijaya Anjaneya, Sri Bajana Anjaneya and Sri Veera Anjaneya. And hence this lord got its name as Pancha Muka Anjaneya (five faces). The deity carved in a single stone stands 13 feet tall. Apart from this deity there are four more deities and they are Sudarsana Perumal, Vishnu Durga, Gajalakshmi and Prathiyangara Devi installed in a separate enclave within the premises.This Anjaneya temple can be reached easily via road from all parts of this Coimbatore city. And there are regular visitors to this temple from within and out side Coimbatore. Especially on Thursdays that is considered very auspicious for Lord Anjaneya.In the Sudarsana Samhitay epic it is believed that Sri Narayana’s Sudarsana chakra was stolen by Mayil Ravana. In order to get back the chakra, Pancha Muka Anjaneya took different avatar and waged a great war with Mayil Ravana. Hence in the war Anjaneya took Narasima Avatar, Garuda Avatar, Varahamurthi Avatar, Hygreva Avatar and Pancha Muka Anjaneya avatar to match the power of the demon.Hanuman Jayanthi is celebrated every year during the last week of December and first week of January. In all these five days festival Abishekam and Laksharchana is conducted here.This Devi’s idol is consecrated with in the temple premises and it stands 7 feet 3 inches tall. Prathiyangara Devi is the creation of goddess Lakshmi Devi, Saraswathi and Parvathi who sent here to calm down Narasima by sitting on his thighs. When Narayana took Narasima avatar to kill Hiranya kasipu in order to safe guard Prahalad, Narasima’s power could not be calmed down. And hence Prathiyangara Devi was sent to calm down Narasima.